Accident Civil law

How to differentiate a collision and an accident?

There is a growing confusion between the term accident and the collision. Indeed, many collisions are classified wrongly accidents. This article will help you to distinguish between these two diametrically opposed concepts.

accident and collision

First, it is necessary that a collision implies the responsibility of one of the parties involved in the occurrence of the incident. Thus, it fully committed his civil and criminal liability.

Then, an incident may be called an accident if neither party is responsible. In other words, the occurrence of the event must be irresistible, unforeseeable and external to their behavior. Therefore, no action can be implemented.

Finally, any act which would consist in making up a collision in accident exposes its author to possible criminal sanctions. In the same way, the aforementioned act would disengage the insurer of any obligation against the author of such actions.